This is simply the old personnel department with a new feature.  In the old days, personnel people took care of employee records, benefits, dismissals and new hires. Nowadays, with the constant demand for skilled professionals and the high cost of ads and recruiting fees, the 'in-house' recruiter has emerged.  These people may be full time employees or hired on a contract basis for a specific period and objective.  Their mission in life is to fill open positions as quickly as possible for the least amount of cost.  The statistic most commonly measured by is the 'cost per hire'.  These people often have a specific industry background, such as accounting, data processing or engineering.  They are skilled in interviewing and running ads.  They most often lack skills in developing and maintaining a network or database of applicants to draw from.